Could a gas giant have oxygen?

Last Update: April 20, 2022

This is a question our experts keep getting from time to time. Now, we have got the complete detailed explanation and answer for everyone, who is interested!

Asked by: Erna Kirlin Jr.
Score: 5/5 (68 votes)

These giant planets are composed of heavier elements than hydrogen and helium - ices, which may include oxygen, methane, sulfur and nitrogen. They also, however, have hydrogen and helium, which, though composing much of their volume, only contribute about 1/5 of their total mass.

Is it possible for a gas giant to have a breathable atmosphere?

It might be possible for us to insert life forms from Earth to create a breathable atmosphere of a gas giant. This may be possible with the use of genetically-modified algae to produce oxygen, which humans and many other organisms needs to breathe.

Can a gas giant become habitable?

Despite this, some scientists estimate that there are as many habitable exomoons as habitable exoplanets. Given the general planet-to-satellite(s) mass ratio of 10,000, large Saturn or Jupiter sized gas planets in the habitable zone are thought to be the best candidates to harbour Earth-like moons.

Do gas giants have nitrogen?

Not really. All planets form from a disc of gas and dust known as the protostellar disc. However, nitrogen and oxygen do not usually occur in gaseous form; they are most likely stored in rocks (eg as SiO2) and ices (eg NH2, CO2, etc).

Is Jupiter a failed star?

"Jupiter is called a failed star because it is made of the same elements (hydrogen and helium) as is the Sun, but it is not massive enough to have the internal pressure and temperature necessary to cause hydrogen to fuse to helium, the energy source that powers the sun and most other stars.

Life on Gas Giants

26 related questions found

Is Pluto a gas giant?

So inconspicuous that it was not discovered until 1930, Pluto is not a gas giant planet like all the others in the outer solar system. Instead it is a small, rocky world about the size of Earth's Moon. ... Pluto now seems to be about 3000 to 3500 kilometers (1900 to 2200 miles) in diameter.

Can gas giants evolve life?

In terms of life developing on a gas giant? Sure, it's possible. At best you could have some form of single cell extremophile organism in the uppermost atmosphere. Even this however is unlikely, as Gas Giants are stupidly hot; what their outer atmospheres lack in heat they make up for in cell crushing pressure.

Why are gas giants not habitable?

Unlike rocky planets, which have a clearly defined difference between atmosphere and surface, gas giants do not have a well-defined surface; their atmospheres simply become gradually denser toward the core, perhaps with liquid or liquid-like states in between. One cannot "land on" such planets in the traditional sense.

Can we live on Titan?

Although there is so far no evidence of life on Titan, its complex chemistry and unique environments are certain to make it a destination for continued exploration.

Can we terraform gas giants?

Terraforming Gas Giants

Terraforming the gas giant is very hard, if not impossible. However, some of their moons can be terraformed, so it is important to know what settlers will see on the sky when they look after the parent planet.

Do gas giants have solid ground?

A: Gas giants like Jupiter and Saturn do not have solid surfaces in the sense that if you dropped in a penny, it would never land with a “clink.” These bodies are mostly composed of hydrogen at temperatures above the “critical point” for hydrogen, meaning there is no sharp boundary between solid, liquid, and gas ...

How do gas giants turn into stars?

If a large cloud of interstellar gas came Jupiter's way, maybe the planet could gain enough extra mass to start fusion. Fusion would be short lived if it became a brown dwarf, an object midway between star and planet. If it accreted even more mass, just enough to become a true star, it would be a dim red dwarf.

Does Titan have oxygen?

Titan also has a presence of organic molecules that contain carbon and hydrogen, and that often include oxygen and other elements similar to what is found in Earth's atmosphere and that are essential for life.

Does Mars have oxygen?

Mars' atmosphere is dominated by carbon dioxide (CO₂) at a concentration of 96%. Oxygen is only 0.13%, compared with 21% in Earth's atmosphere. ... The waste product is carbon monoxide, which is vented to the Martian atmosphere.

Can we breathe on Mars?

The atmosphere on Mars is mostly made of carbon dioxide. It is also 100 times thinner than Earth's atmosphere, so even if it did have a similar composition to the air here, humans would be unable to breathe it to survive.

What planet is not a gas giant?

In addition, Uranus and Neptune have large icy mantles surrounding their cores and only a relatively thin outer atmosphere. For this reason, they are occasionally labeled 'ice giants', but this terminology is not as widespread as 'gas giant'.

What are 4 gas giants?

The four gas giants in our solar system are Neptune, Uranus, Saturn, and Jupiter. These are also called the Jovian planets. "Jovian planet" refers to the Roman god Jupiter and was intended to indicate that all of these planets were similar to Jupiter.

Is Venus a gas giant?

There are the inner, rocky terrestrial planets and then the outer gas giants. Venus is a terrestrial planet. The terrestrial planets are the 4 inner rocky worlds in the Solar System: Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars. ... But compare a terrestrial world like Venus to the gas giants like Saturn and Jupiter.

Why is there no life on Neptune?

To find life on Neptune, the planet would need to have a source of energy that bacterial life can exploit, as well as a standing source of liquid water. At its surface, the temperature of Neptune dips down to 55 Kelvin. That's very cold, and there's no way liquid water could exist.

What is at the core of gas giants?

The planet's core is believed to be rock and nickel-iron alloy encompassed by an outer layer of extremely hot fluid comprised of water, ammonia, and methane.

Are there any gas planets?

The gas giants of our solar system are Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. These four large planets, also called jovian planets after Jupiter, reside in the outer part of the solar system past the orbits of Mars and the asteroid belt.

Why is Pluto smooth?

It took the New Horizons probe almost a decade to make its way to the solar system's former ninth planet. A large section of the dwarf planet's surface is almost completely smooth and devoid of impact craters, which indicates it could be very young. ...

Is Pluto a terrestrial or gas planet?

With the exception of Pluto, planets in our solar system are classified as either terrestrial (Earth-like) or Jovian (Jupiter-like) planets. Terrestrial planets include Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. ... The atmospheres of the terrestrial planets range from thin to thick. Mercury has almost no atmosphere.

Can we live on moon?

Though the Moon has no liquid water, in 2018 NASA confirmed it does exist on the surface in ice form. Rovers could find, drill and gather this ice. Settlers would use this water for drinking, and extract the hydrogen and oxygen for rocket fuel.