In music what is conductus?

Last Update: April 20, 2022

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conductus, plural Conductus, in medieval music, a metrical Latin song of ceremonial character for one, two, or three voices. The word first appeared in mid-12th-century manuscripts with reference to processional pieces.

What is a monophonic conductus?

The conductus can include either one voice or multiple voices, known as monophonic and polyphonic compositions. The surviving repertories indicates the monophonic conducti are about double sizes of the polyphony type.

What is a polyphonic conductus?

The polyphonic conductus is a two- to four-voice setting of a rhymed metrical Latin poem on a sacred or serious topic. The tenor is newly written, not based on chant. The voices move in similar rhythms and sing the text together, in what is known as conductus style.

What are the different types of organum?

Terms in this set (6)
  • parallel organum. no real second voice exists/parallel motion/two voices usually at a perfect 5th or 4th.
  • converging organum. oblique motion/both start on the same note, separate, and then come back together at the end.
  • free organum. contrary motion.
  • melismatic organum. ...
  • organum purum. ...
  • discant.

What is a motet What are the Duplum and Triplum?

Medieval motet

Owing to the addition of "mots," the duplum with text was called "motetus," a name that was adopted for the entire composition. ... An important step was the addition of a third voice-part (triplum), in either Latin or French (a Latin triplum was used only in connection with a Latin motetus).

Conductus "Crucifigat omnes" a 2 voces

16 related questions found

What is medieval motet?

In Western classical music, a motet is mainly a vocal musical composition, of highly diverse form and style, from the high medieval music to the present. The motet was one of the pre-eminent polyphonic forms of Renaissance music.

How is a motet performed?

The motet took a definite rhythm from the words of the verse, and as such appeared as a brief rhythmic interlude in the middle of the longer, more chantlike organum. The practice of discant over a cantus firmus marked the beginnings of counterpoint in Western music.

How is chant used in organum?

In Organum, a preexistent chant is embellished by the addition of other voices singing different music. When music is made up of people singing or playing different lines at the same time, it is said to be polyphonic.

What was the official music of the Catholic Church?

Gregorian chant, monophonic, or unison, liturgical music of the Roman Catholic Church, used to accompany the text of the mass and the canonical hours, or divine office. Gregorian chant is named after St. Gregory I, during whose papacy (590–604) it was collected and codified.

Is motet secular or sacred?

motet, (French mot: “word”), style of vocal composition that has undergone numerous transformations through many centuries. Typically, it is a Latin religious choral composition, yet it can be a secular composition or a work for soloist(s) and instrumental accompaniment, in any language, with or without a choir.

What is a cantus firmus group of answer choices?

True. What is a cantus firmus? preexisting melody. Which describes harmony in Renaissance music? All possible answers.

Why is Isorhythm important?

Discarding modal-rhythmic limitations, isorhythm became a significant organizing principle of much of 14th-century French polyphony by extending the talea of an initial section to the entire composition in conjunction with variation of a corresponding color.

Who wrote ad organum Faciendum?

Ad organum faciendum (German Edition): Eggebrecht, Hans Heinrich, Zaminer, Frieder: 9783959830355: Books.

What is Discant style?

descant, also spelled discant, (from Latin discantus, “song apart”), countermelody either composed or improvised above a familiar melody. ... In late medieval music, discantus referred to a particular style of organum featuring one or more countermelodies added to a newly rhythmicized plainsong melody.

What are the characteristics of Gregorian chant?

What are the six basic characteristics of Gregorian chant?
  • Harmony. Monophonic in texture, so have no harmony.
  • Rhythm. No precise rhythm, notes may be held for a duration of short or long, but no complex rhythms are used.
  • Form. Some Gregorian chants tend to be in ternary form.
  • Texture. ...
  • Medium.

What is non liturgical Latin poems set to simple melodies?

Motet. Non-liturgical compositions that often featured two singers singing in two different languages. Conductus. Non-liturgical Latin poems set to simple melodies. Rote.

What is the timbre of Gregorian chant?

Harmony - Gregorian chants are monophonic in texture, so have no harmony. However, the use of drone (singing of the same note for an extended period of time usually in at least whole notes) was common. ... Timbre - Sung by all male choirs.

Is Gregorian chant still used today?

Although Gregorian chant is no longer obligatory, the Roman Catholic Church still officially considers it the music most suitable for worship. During the 20th century, Gregorian chant underwent a musicological and popular resurgence.

What is the difference between Gregorian chant and troubadour music?

Most written secular music was composed by troubadours between the 12th and 13th centuries. Over 1650 troubadour melodies have survived. They do not have a rhythm, yet they do have regular meter and definite beat. That's their difference from Gregorian Chant which has no meter at all.

What is Duplum in organum?

Organum duplum is two-part organum that sets the solo sections of responsorial chants from either the Offices or the Mass. An elaborate and charismatic upper voice weaves intricate patterns above the appropriate plainchant, which is sung in extended note values by the lower voice, or 'tenor'.

What is melismatic style?

Melisma (Greek: μέλισμα, melisma, song, air, melody; from μέλος, melos, song, melody, plural: melismata) is the singing of a single syllable of text while moving between several different notes in succession. ... An informal term for melisma is a vocal run.

How do I find my motet?

A motet can be defined as an unaccompanied choral composition based on a sacred Latin text. There have been some exceptions, such as motets with secular text or the occasional instrumental accompaniment, but we'll focus on the most common one here.

What is the difference between an anthem and a motet?

An anthem is a piece of music written for a choir to sing at an Anglican church service. The difference between an anthem and a motet is that an anthem is sung in English. Also most anthems are accompanied by an organ. ... Church composers were told to write music in English.

What are the the 5 songs typically included in a mass?

The Ordinary consists of five parts: Kyrie (Lord have mercy upon us….), Gloria (Glory be to thee….), Credo (I believe in God the Father….), Sanctus (Holy, Holy, Holy….) and Agnus Dei (O Lamb of God…). The words of the mass that are not from the Ordinary are called the Proper.