In the platinum group?

Last Update: April 20, 2022

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Asked by: Mya Feest
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Platinum group, six metals, in order of increasing atomic weight, ruthenium (Ru), rhodium (Rh), palladium (Pd), osmium (Os), iridium (Ir), and platinum (Pt).

What does PGM stand for metals?

The platinum group metals (PGMs) are a family of six structurally and chemically similar elements that are most valued for their wide range of industrial, medical, and electronic applications. These versatile metals play a significant role in many of the products we use every day.

How many elements are in the platinum group?

Platinum group metals (PGM) are found as a compound that includes six pure metals with high melting points, comprising platinum (Pt), palladium (Pd), rhodium (Rh), iridium (Ir), ruthenium (Ru), and osmium (Os).

What is the group name for platinum?

Platinum is a silvery metallic chemical element, a member of the six transition elements in Group VIII of the periodic table known collectively as the platinum metals (ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, osmium, iridium, and platinum).

Is platinum better than gold?

While platinum is typically stronger and more durable, it is still a softer metal than gold making it more vulnerable to scratches. ... Whether you decide to choose a white gold or platinum ring, they are both precious metals, meaning your ring will look beautiful either way.

Platinum Motorsport Quotables™ with Ben Baller

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What is platinum used for today?

Platinum is used extensively for jewellery. Its main use, however, is in catalytic converters for cars, trucks and buses. ... Platinum is also used to make optical fibres and LCDs, turbine blades, spark plugs, pacemakers and dental fillings. Platinum compounds are important chemotherapy drugs used to treat cancers.

Is gold a platinum group metal?

Gold from this source is estimated to be some 5 t/year and is considered to be a by-metal with the six PGMs— namely, platinum, palladium, rhodium, iridium, ruthenium, and osmium.

What is the symbol of platinum?

Platinum is a chemical element, precious metal, and commodity that manufacturers use primarily for jewelry, electronics, and automobiles. It appears on the periodic table of elements by the symbol Pt and atomic number 78.

What are the 6 platinum metals?

The catalytic properties of the six platinum group metals (PGM)– iridium, osmium, palladium, platinum, rhodium, and ruthenium – are outstanding. Platinum's wear and tarnish resistance characteristics are well suited for making fine jewelry.

Who Named platinum?

The first scientist to isolate platinum in its pure element form was English chemist William Hyde Wollaston in 1803. Where did platinum get its name? Platinum gets its name from the Spanish word "platina" which means "silver." There are six naturally occurring isotopes.

Is silver a platinum group metal?

Several of the platinum group metals are used in jewelry. In particular, platinum, rhodium, and iridium are popular. Because of the price of these metals, they are often used as coatings over softer, more reactive metals, such as silver.

How many types of platinum are there?

Natural platinum is a mixture of six isotopes: platinum-190 (0.012 percent), platinum-192 (0.782 percent), platinum-194 (32.86 percent), platinum-195 (33.78 percent), platinum-196 (25.21 percent), and platinum-198 (7.36 percent). All are stable except platinum-190, which has been reported as a long-lived alpha emitter.

Where platinum is found?

The majority (about 80 percent) of platinum is mined in South Africa. Approximately 10 percent is mined in Russia, and the rest is found in North and South America, according to the U.S. Geological Survey.

What are the dangers of platinum?

* Platinum may cause a skin allergy. If allergy develops, very low future exposure can cause itching and a skin rash. * Platinum may cause an asthma-like allergy. Future exposure can cause asthma attacks with shortness of breath, wheezing, cough, and/or chest tightness.

Is wearing platinum good for health?

The health effects of platinum are strongly dependent upon the kind of bonds that are shaped and the exposure level and immunity of the person that is exposed. Finally, a danger of platinum is that it can cause potentiation of the toxicity of other dangerous chemicals in the human body, such as selenium.

What are 3 interesting facts about platinum?

Platinum Facts
  • Meteorites and our moon contain a higher percentage of platinum than can be found on the Earth.
  • The melting point of platinum is 3,215 °F (1,768.4 °C) and the boiling point is 6,917 °F (3,825 °C).
  • Typically 95% pure, platinum is one of the purest precious metals.

Is platinum a good investment?

Platinum offers a unique investment opportunity, with strong merits to consider: ... Platinum's precious underpin offers a low-risk entry for investors looking to buy into this investment asset. Platinum has a low correlation to the performance of traditional assets and performs well during periods of economic recovery.

Is platinum better than diamond?

And for a ring that is symbolic of commitment and longevity, there is no better pairing than one made from two of the strongest and most radiant materials: platinum and diamond. ... Platinum is stronger, more durable and more likely to last a lifetime.

What is the most expensive metal?

Rhodium: Top Most Valuable Metal

Rhodium is the most valuable metal and exists within the platinum group of metals. It is used in jewelry for a final finish on white gold jewelry.

What are 5 uses of platinum?

Platinum uses come from 5 major sectors:
  • Platinum Automotive Catalytic Converter Exhaust Pollution Prevention (heavy in diesel)
  • Platinum Jewelry.
  • Platinum Petrochemical Uses.
  • Platinum Investment Demand (platinum bullion bars, coins, ETFs)
  • Platinum Industrial Applications.

What companies use platinum?

The world's top five platinum-mining companies, by annual production
  • Anglo American Platinum – 2.05 million ounces. ...
  • Impala Platinum – 1.31 million ounces. ...
  • Sibanye-Stillwater – 1.08 million ounces. ...
  • Northam Platinum – 900,000 ounces. ...
  • Norilsk Nickel – 700,000 ounces.

Why is platinum so important?

Platinum is widely used as a catalyst for chemical reactions. The most important use of platinum is in vehicles, as a catalytic converter, facilitating the complete combustion of unburned hydrocarbon passing through the exhaust. Platinum is used in jewelry, decoration and dental work.