Should i worry about leukocytes in urine?

Last Update: April 20, 2022

This is a question our experts keep getting from time to time. Now, we have got the complete detailed explanation and answer for everyone, who is interested!

Asked by: Monserrat Lakin PhD
Score: 4.4/5 (14 votes)

If your doctor tests your urine and finds too many leukocytes, it could be a sign of infection. Leukocytes are white blood cells that help your body fight germs. When you have more of these than usual in your urine, it's often a sign of a problem somewhere in your urinary tract.

Can you have leukocytes in urine without UTI?

It is possible to have white blood cells in the urine without a bacterial infection. Sterile pyuria refers to the persistent presence of white blood cells in the urine when no bacteria are found to be present by laboratory examination.

Is it normal for leukocytes to be in urine?

It is normal for there to be some leukocytes in the urine - usually 5 leukocytes per field or 10.000 leukocytes per ml of urine.

What is a dangerous level of leukocytes?

White blood cell counts that are too high or too low may be dangerous, depending on the cause. A high white blood cell count is called leukocytosis, which is generally diagnosed when white blood cell levels exceed 11,000/μL.

What is a normal leukocyte count in urine?

Diagnosis. If you're healthy, you can still have elevated leukocytes in your bloodstream and urine. A normal range in the bloodstream is between 4,500-11,000 WBCs per microliter. A normal range in the urine is lower than in the blood, and may be from 0-5 WBCs per high power field (wbc/hpf).

Urinalysis Explained

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What does it mean when you have leukocytes in urine but no nitrite?

Leukocytes in the urine without nitrite

If the test for leukocyte esterase is positive but finds no nitrite, an infection may still be present. The test is particular to certain bacterial enzymes, which means it can pick up specific bacterial infections with more certainty.

What will happen if leukocytes is high?

When you have very high levels of white blood cells in your body, they can cause your blood to become very thick, which can impair blood flow. This can lead to a condition called hyperviscosity syndrome. Although it can occur with leukemia, it's very rare.

What level of lymphocytes is dangerous?

A count significantly higher than 3,000 lymphocytes in a microliter of blood is generally considered to be lymphocytosis in adults.

What infections cause white blood cells to be high?

The following conditions can cause white blood cell counts to be high:
  • Viral or bacterial infection.
  • Inflammation.
  • Excessive physical or emotional stress (such as fever, injury, or surgery)
  • Burns.
  • Immune system disorders such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Thyroid problems.

How long does it take for WBC to return to normal?

The white blood cell count will typically return to normal around four-weeks after delivery.

Does Covid cause leukocytes in urine?

In our study, we have found increase white blood cells (WBC) in the urine of about half of the tested COVID-19 patients (Table 2). In most of the cases there was a negative bacterial urine culture.

What infections can be found in urine?

The most common infections diagnosed by urinalysis are UTIs, which are one of the most common bacterial infections that require medical intervention. Several other infections such as community-acquired pneumonia and viremia infections can also be diagnosed with the help of urinalysis.

Why are there white blood cells in my urine?

Increased white blood cells in urine may indicate:

A bacterial urinary tract infection. This is the most common cause of a high white blood cell count in urine. Inflammation of the urinary tract or kidneys.

Does chlamydia show leukocytes in urine?

A urinalysis can give clues to the presence of sexually transmitted infections. A positive dipstick for leukocyte esterase or increased numbers of white blood cells in the microscopic exam is suggestive of chlamydia or gonoccocal infection.

When should I be worried about high WBC?

An abnormally raised white blood cell count is not a disease condition, but can point to another underlying cause such as infection, cancer or autoimmune disorders. An abnormally high white blood cell count should always be considered for its possible causes.

What is an alarming white blood cell count?

In general, for adults a count of more than 11,000 white blood cells (leukocytes) in a microliter of blood is considered a high white blood cell count.

What does it mean if your white cells are high?

A high white blood cell count may indicate that the immune system is working to destroy an infection. It may also be a sign of physical or emotional stress. People with particular blood cancers may also have high white blood cells counts.

What infections cause high lymphocytes?

What causes a high lymphocyte count
  • viral infections, including measles, mumps, and mononucleosis.
  • adenovirus.
  • hepatitis.
  • influenza.
  • tuberculosis.
  • toxoplasmosis.
  • cytomegalovirus.
  • brucellosis.

What will happen if lymphocytes count is high?

High lymphocyte blood levels indicate your body is dealing with an infection or other inflammatory condition. Most often, a temporarily high lymphocyte count is a normal effect of your body's immune system working. Sometimes, lymphocyte levels are elevated because of a serious condition, like leukemia.

What does it mean when you test positive for leukocytes?

If your doctor tests your urine and finds too many leukocytes, it could be a sign of infection. Leukocytes are white blood cells that help your body fight germs. When you have more of these than usual in your urine, it's often a sign of a problem somewhere in your urinary tract.

How can I reduce my leukocyte count?

To lower your high white blood cell count, you should include the following in your diet:
  1. Vitamin C. ...
  2. Antioxidants. ...
  3. Omega-3 Fatty Acids. ...
  4. Avoid foods rich in sugar, fat and salt.

What is the most common cause of leukocytosis?

Leukocytosis, a common laboratory finding, is most often due to relatively benign conditions (infections or inflammatory processes). Much less common but more serious causes include primary bone marrow disorders.

What does positive leukocytes and negative nitrite mean?

Leukocyte test: a positive test will give a dark tan to purple color. If Leukocytes test is negative and Nitrite test is negative: no sign of UTI (if symptoms continue, test again or consult healthcare provider). If Leukocytes test is negative or trace but Nitrite test is positive: results suggest UTI.

What are normal leukocytes levels?

The normal number of WBCs in the blood is 4,500 to 11,000 WBCs per microliter (4.5 to 11.0 × 109/L). Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different labs. Some labs use different measurements or may test different specimens.