What does strophanthin mean?
Last Update: April 20, 2022
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Ouabain or also known as g-strophanthin, is a plant derived toxic substance that was traditionally used as an arrow poison in eastern Africa for both hunting and warfare. Ouabain is a cardiac glycoside and in lower doses, can be used medically to treat hypotension and some arrhythmias.
What is strophanthus used for?
Strophanthus is an herb. It has been used as an arrow poison in Africa. Strophanthus seeds are used to make medicine. Despite serious safety concerns, people take strophanthus for diabetes, heart problems, and high blood pressure, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses.
What is the meaning of Strophanthus?
[C19: New Latin, from Greek strophos twisted cord + anthos flower] ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend: Noun. 1. strophanthus - any of various shrubs or small trees of the genus Strophanthus having whorled leaves and showy flowers of various colors in dense and corymbose clusters; some have poisonous seeds.
Is strophanthus safe?
Strophanthus is UNSAFE for use without the direct supervision of a healthcare provider. It can cause side effects such as nausea, vomiting, headache, disturbance of color vision, and heart problems.
What is Kombe seed?
kombe contains a cardiac glycoside which directly affects the heart. Historically, both the seeds and roots of the plant were used in the preparation of poison arrowheads used for hunting. Today, the seeds are used pharmaceutically for patients with certain heart conditions that affect blood circulation.
What is the meaning of the word STROPHANTHIN?
What was ouabain originally used for?
Ouabain /wɑːˈbɑːɪn/ or /ˈwɑːbeɪn, ˈwæ-/ (from Somali waabaayo, "arrow poison" through French ouabaïo) also known as g-strophanthin, is a plant derived toxic substance that was traditionally used as an arrow poison in eastern Africa for both hunting and warfare.
Is strophanthus is a cardiac glycosides?
Strophanthus, which is of the Apocynaceae family, is a flowering plant that grows in tropical Africa, South Africa, southern India, the Philippines, Laos, Vietnam, and South China. ... The plant contains toxic alkaloids and cardiac glycosides (e.g., g-strophanthin (ouabain), k-strophanthin, and e-strophanthin).
What does a cardiac glycoside do?
Cardiac glycosides are medicines for treating heart failure and certain irregular heartbeats. They are one of several classes of drugs used to treat the heart and related conditions. These drugs are a common cause of poisoning.
Why is digitalis used?
Digitalis is used to treat congestive heart failure (CHF) and heart rhythm problems (atrial arrhythmias). Digitalis can increase blood flow throughout your body and reduce swelling in your hands and ankles.
What is Crataegus Oxyacantha used for?
Hawthorn (Crataegus oxyacantha) is a widely used Chinese herb for treatment of gastrointestinal ailments and heart problems and consumed as food. In North America, the role of treatment for heart problems dates back to 1800.
How do you take Crataegus Q?
Take 3-5 drops of tincture or as directed by the physician. Must be used regularly for some time in order to obtain good results. Maintain 30 minutes gap between drink, food or any other medication. Avoid strong smell in the mouth before taking a dose.
What are the side effects of cardiac glycosides?
The most common side effects include dizziness, fatigue, headache, anxiety, gastrointestinal upset, change in taste and blurred vision. Severe side effects include seizures and coma, heart block, atrial and ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death.
What are examples of cardiac glycosides?
- Digoxin (Lanoxicaps, Lanoxin, Digibind)
- Digitoxin (Crystodigin)
Which family is rich in cardiac glycoside?
Cardiac glycosides occur in many plant families, including Scrophulariaceae (foxgloves), Apocynaceae (oleanders) and Liliaceae (lilies, sea onion). Each plant species synthesizes several glycosides, for example yellow oleander (Cascabela thevetia (L.)) (Fig.
Is Amrinone a cardiac glycoside?
The therapeutic index of amrinone was wide in contrast to that of cardiac glycosides that have a therapeutic index of ≈2 to 3, with life-threatening arrhythmias. Of greater interest was that amrinone did not increase cardiac output of the normal (nonfailing), but increased that of the failing heart model.
Is digoxin a cardiotonic?
The active components of the foxglove (Digitalis purpurea and Digitalis lanata) are classified as cardiac glycosides or cardiotonic steroids and include the well-known digitalis leaf, digitoxin, and digoxin; ouabain is a rapid-acting glycoside usually obtained from Strophanthus gratus.
Why is ouabain lethal?
Ouabain (CAS 630-60-4), also known as g-strophanthin, is a plant-derived cardiac toxin and was traditionally used as an arrow poison by the Somalis. ... Ouabain is a highly toxic compound (LD50 2.2 mg/kg, intravenously administration to mouse) and can cause symptoms such like vomiting and convulsion.
Why is 3 Na and 2 K?
also known as the Na+/K+ pump or Na+/K+-ATPase, this is a protein pump found in the cell membrane of neurons (and other animal cells). It acts to transport sodium and potassium ions across the cell membrane in a ratio of 3 sodium ions out for every 2 potassium ions brought in.
What does ouabain do to the heart?
Increased intracellular concentrations of calcium may promote activation of contractile proteins (e.g., actin, myosin). Ouabain also acts on the electrical activity of the heart, increasing the slope of phase 4 depolarization, shortening the action potential duration, and decreasing the maximal diastolic potential.
How do you grow strophanthus?
Keep your Strophanthus moist, but not soggy, and place the pot in indirect light for best growth. It starts out as a shrub but may push out longer stems that get rangy, so pinch it back to keep a compact shape. Strophanthus cultivation requires moderate humidity and consistently warm temperatures.
Is Crataegus good for the heart?
Primarily due to its antioxidant content, hawthorn berry has numerous health effects, especially for your heart. Studies indicate that it may improve blood pressure and blood fat levels, as well as treat heart failure when combined with standard medications.
What are the side effects of hawthorn berry?
Side effects of hawthorn can include dizziness, nausea, and digestive symptoms. Hawthorn may interact in harmful ways with drugs, including some heart medications. If you're taking medication and you're considering using hawthorn, consult your health care provider.
What is chelidonium Q?
Information about SBL Chelidonium Majus Mother Tincture Q
It is highly effective in the treatment of liver disorders and helps removes harmful toxins from the body. It can also be used to treat indigestion, eczema and sleeping disorders. It is also a recommended remedy for liver ailments.