What is the function of phenolphthalein?

Last Update: April 20, 2022

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Phenolphthalein is often used as an indicator in acid–base titrations. For this application, it turns colorless in acidic solutions and pink in basic solutions. It belongs to the class of dyes known as phthalein dyes.

Why phenolphthalein is used as an indicator?

A strong acid- strong base titration is performed using a phenolphthalein indicator. Phenolphtalein is chosen because it changes color in a pH range between 8.3 – 10. It will appear pink in basic solutions and clear in acidic solutions.

What is the functional group of phenolphthalein?

The structure of Phenolphthalein has 3 hexagonal structures, one pentagonal structure, 2 alcoholic groups, and one ketone group. Besides, Phenolphthalein structure form of the carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen chains.

How does phenolphthalein change color?

Ionization and the Phenolphthalein Indicator

If hydrogen ions (H+, as found in an acid) were added to the pink solution, the equilibrium would switch, and the solution would be colorless. Adding hydroxide ions (OH-, as found in bases) will change the phenolphthalein into its ion and turn the solution pink.

What is the nature of phenolphthalein indicator?

- Phenolphthalein (HIn) is weakly acidic in nature and in aqueous solution, it dissociates into H+ and In− ions.

Chemistry - 3Sec - Phenolphthalein indicator

45 related questions found

Is phenolphthalein affected by pH?

The phenolphthalein indicator is not affected by the pH of the solution. ... The phenolphthalein Indicator changes colour close to the point of neutralisation which shows the end-point of the titration, 3.

What is the importance of phenolphthalein in titration process?

Phenolphthalein is often used as an indicator in acid–base titrations. For this application, it turns colorless in acidic solutions and pink in basic solutions.

What happens when you add phenolphthalein to water?

If phenolphthalein is added to water it may turn into pink colour indicating that water contains some impurities but if water is distilled one it will not show any change in colour as it's pH is neutral...

What is the end point of phenolphthalein?

The end point for phenolphthalein acidity is pH 8.3.

What happens if you eat phenolphthalein?

Ingestion: Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Expected to be a low ingestion hazard. Inhalation: May cause respiratory tract irritation. Low hazard for usual industrial handling.

Is phenolphthalein a base or acid?

phenolphthalein, (C20H14O4), an organic compound of the phthalein family that is widely employed as an acid-base indicator. As an indicator of a solution's pH, phenolphthalein is colourless below pH 8.5 and attains a pink to deep red hue above pH 9.0.

What is the purpose of titration?

The concentration of a basic solution can be determined by titrating it with a volume of a standard acid solution (of known concentration) required to neutralize it. The purpose of the titration is the detection of the equivalence point, the point at which chemically equivalent amounts of the reactants have been mixed.

Why phenolphthalein is Colourless in acid?

Complete step by step solution:

-Phenolphthalein is widely used as an indicator in acid-base titrations. -It turns colourless in presence of an acid and turns pink in presence of a base. ... It is due to the formation of ions that the solution turns pink.

How does phenolphthalein react with acids and bases?

Phenolphthalein is an indicator — a chemical which changes colour depending on whether it meets an acid or a base. It turns purple if it meets something basic, such as ammonia; it stays colourless if it meets an acid like vinegar or a neutral substance like water. ... The phenolphthalein becomes colourless.

Why is phenolphthalein used as an indicator in saponification value of fats?

Phenolphthalein is chosen because it changes color in a pH range between 8.3 - 10. It will appear pink in basic solutions and clear in acidic solutions.

What is the function of methyl orange?

Methyl orange is a pH indicator frequently used in titration because of its clear and distinct color variance at different pH values. Methyl orange shows red color in acidic medium and yellow color in basic medium. Because it changes color at the pKa of a mid strength acid, it is usually used in titration for acids.

When phenolphthalein is used as the indicator in a titration of an HCl?

42. When phenolphthalein is used as the indicator in a titration of an HCl solution with a solution of NaOH, the indicator undergoes a color change from clear to red at the end point of the titration.

What is the reaction of acid with phenolphthalein?

Reaction of acid with phenopthalien turns colourless. For basic medium, it turns pink.

What is the pH of a river?

The pH of river water is the measure of how acidic or basic the water is on a scale of 0-14. It is a measure of hydrogen ion concentration. U.S. natural water falls between 6.5 and 8.5 on this scale with 7.0 being neutral. The optimum pH for river water is around 7.4.

Why does phenolphthalein give pink in basic medium?

Phenolphthalein solution turns pink in the presence of a base. This is because the hydroxide ions react with the acidic group present and lead to the formation of ions. These ions impart color to the solution. This is how phenolphthalein solution acts as an acid-base indicator in titrations.