Whats sph and cyl?

Last Update: April 20, 2022

This is a question our experts keep getting from time to time. Now, we have got the complete detailed explanation and answer for everyone, who is interested!

Asked by: Prof. Damian Nikolaus Jr.
Score: 4.7/5 (63 votes)

An example eye prescription chart
-2.00 D sphere for the correction of nearsightedness. No cylinder power or axis, which means no astigmatism is present. This doctor chose to write "SPH," to confirm the right eye is being prescribed only spherical power.

What is SPH and CYL?

SPH (Sphere of the eye): The lens' ability to refract light. CYL (Cylinder of the eye): Correction number needed for astigmatism.

What is SPH and CYL and axis?

SPH “sphere” indicates the amount of lens power prescribed for nearsighted or farsighted vision. It is measured in diopter and uses (+) for farsightedness (hyperopia) and (-) for nearsightedness (myopia). 4. CYL & AXIS: a Cylinder (CYL) and Axis number (between 0 and 180 degrees) are required to correct Astigmatism.

What is SPH cylinder in eye prescription?

SPHERE (often abbreviated as “SPH”)

SPH stands for spherical power and describes the degree of nearsightedness or farsightedness. A positive value, or a prescription with a plus-sign (+), means that your child is farsighted. If you see a negative value (-) that means your child is nearsighted.

What does a SPH mean?

The abbreviation SPH stands for Sphere. It describes the amount of lens measured in diopters that you need for good vision. The term means that the correction for your sight is spherical.

Spherical Vs Cylindrical lenses| Difference in Cylindrical power and Spherical power| Astigmatism

34 related questions found

Is 0.75 eye prescription bad?

For both types, the closer you are to zero the better your vision is. For example, even though measurements of -0.75 and -1.25 both qualify as mild nearsightedness, the person with a spherical error of -0.75 is technically closer to 20/20 vision without their glasses on.

Does SPH mean power?

Sphere (SPH) – The term “sphere” means that the correction for nearsightedness or farsightedness is spherical, equal in all meridians of the eye. This indicates the amount of lens power, measured in diopters (D), prescribed to correct nearsightedness or farsightedness.

What is the normal eye SPH CYL and axis value?

Those two values are cylinder and axis. While many individuals have somewhere between 0.5 and 0.75 diopters of astigmatism, the perfect eye with no astigmatism (ideal curvature of the cornea) will have 0 diopters. Individuals with 1.5 or more diopters will generally need contacts or eyeglasses for improved vision.

Is minus 7 eyesight bad?

A -5 eye and a -7 eye are not much differently at risk, but both are significantly more at risk of retinal problems than a more normal, non-myopic eye. These are rare, though, so no cause for alarm. Just know in advance the signs and symptoms of a retinal tear or detachment if you are very myopic.

Is astigmatism 180 Axis bad?

An axis of 180 degrees, for example, means the astigmatism is horizontal. Therefore, this prescription means that the patient is moderately nearsighted, with a moderate degree of astigmatism in a horizontal direction.

Is 1.25 eye prescription bad?

A 1.25 eye prescription is not bad. It is considered relatively mild and some people won't need prescription eyewear for it.

Is minus 3 eyesight bad?

If the number has a minus (-) sign next to it, it means you're nearsighted. A plus (+) sign or no sign means you're farsighted. A higher number, regardless of whether there is a plus or minus sign, means you'll need a stronger prescription.

What CYL means?

CYL. CYL is an abbreviation of “cylinder” which indicates the lens power your doctor is prescribing to correct your astigmatism.

What does 0.75 eye prescription mean?

This second number, -0.75, indicates the person has an astigmatism, which is a distortion in the shape of the cornea that causes blurred vision. Not everyone has astigmatism, of course, so if the number wasn't there, you'd see some letters – DS or SPH – to indicate that there is no astigmatism.

What does eye prescription 0.25 mean?

For example, if you have a sphere of -0.25, your vision is minimally affected. On the other hand, if your prescription starts at -5.00, you most likely have difficulty seeing at a distance without glasses. If the sphere indicates "Pl" or "Plano" for both eyes, it means that you do not suffer from myopia or hyperopia.

Is minus 1.50 eyesight bad?

This prescription is for the left eye, and -1.50 means that your nearsightedness is measured at 1 and 1/2 diopters. It's considered a mild amount of nearsightedness.

Is minus 6.5 eyesight bad?

It depends. A contact prescription of -6.50 does not mean you are legally blind if your vision improves from 20/200 with them in. However, if you still have 20/200 eyesight or worse after putting contacts in, you are considered legally blind.

Is 2.75 eyesight bad?

If you have a minus number, like -2.75, it means you're short-sighted and find it more difficult to focus on distant objects. A plus number indicates long-sightedness, so objects up close appear more blurred or close vision is more tiring on the eyes.

What does 0.50 eye prescription mean?

The next number in the sample eyeglass prescription is -0.50. This number represents the "cylinder" part of the prescription which measures the degree of astigmatism, representing the difference in curvature and power between two points on the eye, separated by 90 degrees.

What is the normal eye power?

What does 20/20 vision mean? 20/20 vision is normal vision acuity (the clarity or sharpness of vision) measured at a distance of 20 feet. If you have 20/20 vision, you can see clearly at 20 feet what should normally be seen at a distance.

What does an axis of 170 mean?

Answer: The axis number on your prescription tells your optician in which direction they must position any cylindrical power in your lenses (required for people with astigmatism). This number shows the orientation or angle in degrees from 1 to 180.

Is SPH bad for eyesight?

In the sphere, or SPH column, a minus (-) means you have myopia (nearsightedness). This is the most common type of vision correction. There is a small caveat to this number. If an ophthalmologist wrote your prescription, they probably wrote your cylinder (CYL) correction as a + number.

What does OS mean for eyes?

When you look at your prescription for eyeglasses, you will see numbers listed under the headings of OS and OD. They are Latin abbreviations: OS (oculus sinister) means the left eye and OD (oculus dextrus) means the right eye. Occasionally, you will see a notation for OU, which means something involving both eyes.

Can I wear my left contact in my right eye?

Using a single contact lens won't hurt your eyes if that's what your prescription calls for. However, if you're not wearing both contacts because you lost one of them, you may experience vision loss symptoms in the unprotected eye. Blurry, distorted vision and other side effects of uncorrected vision can return.

Is minus 1 eyesight bad?

Generally, the further away from zero you go (whether the number is positive or negative), the worse your eyesight and the greater the need for vision correction. So +1.00 and -1.00 are quite modest; your eyesight isn't too bad, as you only need 1 diopter of correction.