When the dog salivates to the sound of the bell the salivation is the?

Last Update: April 20, 2022

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Asked by: Jayda Bauch
Score: 5/5 (20 votes)

Food is the Unconditioned Stimulus (US). This means that the food causes the response of salivation without previous learning. Bell is the Conditioned Stimulus (CS). This is the stimulus which is paried with the food to make the dog eventually salivate to just the sound of the bell alone.

When the dog salivates to the sound of the bell the bell is the?

The dog eventually salivates when it hears the sound of the bell alone (conditioned response). The term used to describe the conditioning of actions involving glands or involuntary muscles is interoceptive conditioning (Lefrancois, 1995).

What did salivation to the bell represent?

The dogs salivating for food is the unconditioned response in Pavlov's experiment. A conditioned stimulus is a stimulus that can eventually trigger a conditioned response. In the described experiment, the conditioned stimulus was the ringing of the bell, and the conditioned response was salivation.

What is the salivation response?

During conditioning, the unconditioned stimulus (food) is presented repeatedly just after the presentation of the neutral stimulus (bell). After conditioning, the neutral stimulus alone produces a conditioned response (salivation), thus becoming a conditioned stimulus.

When a dog salivates at the sight of a food dish it's salivation would be considered?

1 Pavlov's dogs salivating in response to the food is an example of the unconditioned response. By repeatedly pairing a conditioned stimulus (the sound of the buzzer) with the unconditioned stimulus (the food), the animals eventually came to associate the sound of the buzzer with the presentation of food.

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37 related questions found

Why did Pavlov dogs salivate at the sound of a bell?

To establish if there can be salivation with the pairing of a stimulus, Pavlov decided to use the bell as the Conditioned Stimulus, so-called because it was being paired with Food (US) to elicit salivation. ... After repeatedly doing this pairing, Pavlov removed the food and when ringing this bell the dog would salivate.

Can food be a conditioned stimulus for dogs?

Examples of a Conditioned Response

In this case, the sound of the whistle is the conditioned stimulus. ... The dogs in his experiment would salivate in response to food, but after repeatedly pairing the presentation of food with the sound of a bell, the dogs would begin to salivate to the sound alone.

What did Pavlov's experiment prove?

Pavlov concluded that if a particular stimulus in the dog's surroundings was present when the dog was given food then that stimulus could become associated with food and cause salivation on its own.

What does US ur CS CR mean?

Learning Objectives

Review the concepts of classical conditioning, including unconditioned stimulus (US), conditioned stimulus (CS), unconditioned response (UR), and conditioned response (CR).

What does NS mean in psychology?

Key Terminology. Neutral Stimulus. In classical conditioning, a neutral stimulus (NS) is a stimulus that nitially does not evoke a response until it is paired with the unconditioned stimulus.

Did Pavlov actually use a bell?

No, he never used a bell; he used metronomes, harmoniums, electric shock or other stimuli that could be measured more precisely. Different levels of stimuli were designed to elicit different responses. He won the Nobel Prize for discovering this “conditioned” reflex.

What is Pavlovian conditioning in a nutshell?

Pavlovian conditioning, also called Classical Conditioning, a type of conditioned learning which occurs because of the subject's instinctive responses, as opposed to operant conditioning, which is contingent on the willful actions of the subject.

What was Pavlov's dog name?

I didn't have many memory mutants and I could find the name of but one of Pavlov's dogs, Bierka. My mission was to change all that. So in the Spring of 1992, I braved a trip to the Pavlov Institute in Koltushi, a small village outside of St. Petersburg, to rummage through the last place that Pavlov worked.

How do you counter condition?

Counter-conditioning means changing the pet's emotional response, feelings or attitude toward a stimulus. For example, the dog that lunges at the window when a delivery person walks by is displaying an emotional response of fear or anxiety.

What is vicarious conditioning?

Vicarious conditioning can be defined as learning by observing the reactions of others to an environmental stimulus that is salient to both the observer and the model. ... Vicarious conditioning is a particularly important process in observational learning.

What was it called when Pavlov's dog stopped salivating after he rang the bell many times without feeding?

extinction- when Pavlov stopped giving dog food after the sound of the metronome, the dog stopped salivating at the sound. the conditioned response can briefly reappear when the original CS returns, although the response is usually weak and short lived.

Are NS and CS the same?

The NS is transformed into a Conditioned Stimulus (CS); that is, when the CS is presented by itself, it elicits or causes the CR (which is the same involuntary response as the UR; the name changes because it is elicited by a different stimulus. This is written CS elicits > CR.

What will happen if the CS is presented many times in the absence of the US quizlet?

If the CS continues to occur in the absence of the US, the CR eventually decreases in intensity and stops. After a period of respondent extinction, in which the CS is repeatedly resented in the absence of the US, the CS does not elicit the CR.

What is the US in classical conditioning?

In the learning process known as classical conditioning, the unconditioned stimulus (UCS) is one that unconditionally, naturally, and automatically triggers a response. In other words, the response takes place without any prior learning. ... In this example, the smell of the food is the unconditioned stimulus.

Can humans be conditioned like Pavlov's animals?

But according to new research, humans can be trained to crave food in a manner reminiscent of Pavlov's dogs. ... Russian scientist Ivan Pavlov conditioned his dogs to associate the sound of a bell with food. Eventually, the animals would drool in response to a ring, even when no reward was available.

What is the main point of Ivan Pavlov's experiment with dogs?

Question: Question 7 2 pts What was the main point of Ivan Pavlov's experiment with dogs? O One can learn new behaviors by observing others. Learning can occur when a conditioned stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus.

What was the Skinner Box experiment?

Skinner showed how positive reinforcement worked by placing a hungry rat in his Skinner box. The box contained a lever on the side, and as the rat moved about the box, it would accidentally knock the lever. Immediately it did so a food pellet would drop into a container next to the lever.

Does conditioning affect emotion?

Does Conditioning affect emotions? Conditioning applies to visceral or emotional responses as well as simple reflexes. As a result, conditioned emotional responses (CERs) also occur. ... Behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulus ; skinner's term for behavior learned through classical conditioning.

What is conditioning in food science?

Food conditioning is a term that is often mis-used to label a bear as a candidate for a death sentence, suggesting that once he has tasted human food/waste, he can never forage for wild food again. ... In time, the bear may choose to repeat the behaviour that produces the (food) reward.

How does classical conditioning affect our eating habits?

How does classical conditioning affect our eating habits? You eat when you're conditioned to eat, not when you are hungry. The smell and taste of food triggers the digestive system.