When was the tohunga suppression act repealed?
Last Update: April 20, 2022
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In 1962, as a result of a review of legislation that differentiated between Māori and Europeans, the Tohunga Suppression Act was repealed. With the resurgence of Māori culture in the past few decades Rongoā Māori has once again become prominent.
Why was the tohunga Suppression Act?
The Tohunga Suppression Act 1907 was intended to stop people using traditional Māori healing practices which had a supernatural or spiritual element. It was not very effective – only nine convictions were obtained under the act. Whare Taha of northern Hawke's Bay was one of those convicted.
Who was involved in the tohunga Suppression Act?
The Tohunga Suppression Act was presented by Māori MP James Carroll and supported by the four Māori members of parliament. It was passed in 1907.
What did tohunga do?
What did tohunga do? It was the role of tohunga to ensure tikanga (customs) were observed. Tohunga guided the people and protected them from spiritual forces. They were healers of both physical and spiritual ailments, and they guided the appropriate rituals for horticulture, fishing, fowling and warfare.
How was a tohunga selected?
Tohunga. In the past, tohunga (learned experts) were a special group of people. They were selected at birth, usually from the rangatira class, although particularly talented individuals might be selected from lower ranks.
Tohunga #1 - High priest or expert
What impact did the tohunga Suppression Act have on Māori?
The legislation was never really enforced with very few Tohunga prosecuted. However the main consequence of the Act was that it pushed the practice of Rongoā Māori underground. Identities of Tohunga were kept secret and matters of Rongoā were never discussed outside of Māori communities.
What is a Māori chief called?
In Māori culture Rangatira (Māori pronunciation: [ɾaŋatiɾa]) are the hereditary Māori leaders of hapū, or chieftains. Ideally, rangatira were people of great practical wisdom who held authority on behalf of the tribe and maintained boundaries between a tribe's land and that of other tribes.
What does Mana mean in New Zealand?
In contemporary New Zealand English, the word "mana" refers to a person or organisation of people of great personal prestige and character. The increased use of the term mana in New Zealand society is as a result of the politicisation of Maori issues stemming from the Māori Renaissance.
What Whakapapa means?
Whakapapa is a taxonomic framework that links all animate and inanimate, known and unknown phenomena in the terrestrial and spiritual worlds. ... Whakapapa is the core of traditional mātauranga Māori (Māori knowledge). Whakapapa means genealogy. Other Māori terms for genealogy are kāwai and tātai.
What does Mirimiri meaning?
Healing Hands. Miri Miri meaning "natural gift", is the traditional holistic healing tradition or massage technique of the Maori people of New Zealand. Miri Miri very much incorporates a person's physical as well as spiritual element.
What was the Suppression of Rebellion Act?
The Suppression of Rebellion Act 1863 was passed after nine years of armed conflict that started with the Puketapu inter-tribal feud in Taranaki in 1854 and escalated to fighting between government forces and dissident tribes in Taranaki and Waikato from 1860 to 1863, and the loss of more than 1000 lives.
Who was the first Māori lawyer?
26 March 1897, Sir Āpirana Ngata becomes first Māori lawyer.
What is the Māori Welfare Act?
The New Zealand Maori Council was created by the Maori Welfare Act 1962. ... The act also replaced tribal committees with committees representing broader Māori groups and areas, as the government wanted to deal with Māori as a whole rather than individual tribes.
What was the New Zealand Settlements Act?
This law, passed in December 1863, allowed for the confiscation of land – without compensation – from any North Island tribe said to be 'in rebellion against Her Majesty's authority'. Under the provisions of this act Te Āti Awa lost all their Taranaki lands.
What is Māori law?
Tikanga is the right or correct way of doing things within Māori society. ... Māori legal scholar, Ani Mikaere, has described tikanga Māori as “the first law of Aotearoa” and tikanga has been recognised by the New Zealand state legal system in various statutes and through the common law.
What was the Native Land Court?
The Native Land Court was created in 1865. This centralised, Pākehā-controlled court was based largely on the settlers' legal system and converted customary title to land to individual title, effectively making it easier for Māori land to be sold to settlers. The court replaced a system that had been set up in 1862.
Is tapu a whakapapa?
Whakapapa is about people, it is a link to tūpuna, to heritage, to identity. For Māori it is a taonga, and for many it is also tapu. Traditionally whakapapa was handed down orally to a member of the whānau deemed appropriate to look after the whānau whakapapa.
What is tapu Māori?
Tapu is the strongest force in Māori life. ... Tapu can be interpreted as 'sacred', or defined as 'spiritual restriction', containing a strong imposition of rules and prohibitions. A person, object or place that is tapu may not be touched or, in some cases, not even approached.
Why is whakapapa tapu?
Whakapapa is the bedrock of Māori society. ... The relationship to the gods by whakapapa determined the tuakanatanga of contending chiefs which, within iwi communities "mirrored the mana and tapu" of those of most direct descent from the Gods, "as being greater and more intense that those of the teina lines".
Can Pakeha have mana?
There's no mana in flash words and no kai. The fact you have little mana in the Pākehā world as a rubbish man is of no bearing. From the other side in, you could be a businessman who drives a Mercedes, lives on Mortgage Ave and has a lot of Pākehā mana.
Does word Aroha Mai mean?
more... "Aroha mai, aroha atu" is a Maori proverb meaning "love received, love returned." To the artist this work describes balance and symmetry. To show that opposing forces (positives and negatives, darkness and light, masculine and feminine) are present in all things, constantly balancing each other out.
Why is it called mana?
"Mana" is a word that comes from Polynesian languages meaning something along the lines of "supernatural power". The concept of mana was introduced in Europe by missionary Robert Henry Codrington in 1891 and was popularized by Mircea Eliade in the 1950s.
Are there female Māori chiefs?
Ākenehi was a prominent Māori woman leader of chiefly status. Well-educated and a landowner, she was married to the Heretaunga rangatira Hēnare Tōmoana. She was a strong advocate for women and worked towards women's rights from multiple angles.
Do Māori still have Chiefs?
The Maori “King”
In some cases, notably that of the selection and support of the Maori King by the Tainui tribes, a chief of high rank in the traditional society has been selected as a modern leader. ... The Maori King is an office and title unknown to the traditional society.
What is nga tikanga Māori?
Generally speaking, tikanga are Māori customary practices or behaviours. The concept is derived from the Māori word 'tika' which means 'right' or 'correct' so, in Māori terms, to act in accordance with tikanga is to behave in a way that is culturally proper or appropriate.