Which hamstring muscle is most commonly injured?

Last Update: April 20, 2022

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Asked by: Johan Schultz
Score: 4.3/5 (48 votes)

The biceps femoris

biceps femoris
Biceps femoris tendon rupture can occur when the biceps femoris is injured in sports that require explosive bending of the knee as seen in sprinting. If the athlete is fatigued or has not warmed up properly he/she may suffer a hamstring strain/rupture, which is the tearing of the hamstring muscle.
https://en.wikipedia.org › Biceps_femoris_tendon_rupture
is further divided into a long head and a short head, and is the most commonly injured muscle of the three. All of the hamstrings originate on the pelvis and insert onto the back of the tibia (lower leg bone).

Why are the hamstrings commonly injured?

Muscle overload is the main cause of hamstring muscle strain. This can happen when the muscle is stretched beyond its capacity or challenged with a sudden load. Hamstring muscle strains often occur when the muscle lengthens as it contracts, or shortens.

Where do most hamstring injuries occur?

An acute injury to a hamstring muscle can occur anywhere, but most commonly it occurs in the middle of the muscle, where the tendon and muscle tissues intersect. This area is called myotendinous junction. Less common are injuries in which the hamstring tendon breaks away from the bone.

What are common hamstring injuries?

Hamstring injuries are common in sports such as soccer, football, and track. Injuries to the hamstring group of muscles can range from a minor strain to a major rupture. A minor strain is classified as a grade I tear, whereas a complete rupture, or tear, is classified as a grade III tear.

How do you tell if hamstring is torn or strained?

Torn hamstring symptoms
  1. sudden, sharp pain.
  2. a “popping” sensation at the time of injury.
  3. tenderness.
  4. swelling within the first few hours.
  5. bruising within the first few days.
  6. partial or complete weakness in your leg.
  7. inability to place weight on your leg.

Hamstring Injuries - Everything You Need To Know - Dr. Nabil Ebraheim

24 related questions found

How do you know if hamstring injury is bad?

How do I know if I've injured my hamstring? Mild hamstring strains (grade 1) will usually cause sudden pain and tenderness at the back of your thigh. It may be painful to move your leg, but the strength of the muscle should not be affected. Partial hamstring tears (grade 2) are usually more painful and tender.

Is walking good for hamstring injury?

Avoid doing any strenuous exercise until your hamstrings are completely recovered, but walking, swimming and gentle cycling are generally safe and will help you to recover strength as well as increasing blood flow to the area to aid the natural healing process.

Are hamstring strains slow to heal?

Hamstring Injuries Heal Slowly

It is not uncommon to deal with the symptoms associated with a hamstring injury for many months. Some studies indicate that the healing time can commonly extend beyond the one year mark. Hamstring injuries take a long time to heal due to function of the muscle.

Should you massage a hamstring injury?

Once a hamstring has been strained, massage can help loosen scar tissue and tight muscles, stimulate blood flow, and aid in gently stretching the injured muscles. Though massage can be an invaluable tool in healing, it should not be performed during the most acute stage of the injury when rest is the best approach.

How do you fix a sore hamstring?

What's the Treatment for a Hamstring Strain?
  1. Rest the leg. ...
  2. Ice your leg to reduce pain and swelling. ...
  3. Compress your leg. ...
  4. Elevate your leg on a pillow when you're sitting or lying down.
  5. Take anti-inflammatory painkillers. ...
  6. Practice stretching and strengthening exercises if your doctor/physical therapist recommends them.

Can sitting cause hamstring pain?

If you sit for very long periods on a hard chair or in a position that stretches the hamstring (like when you drive a car). Sitting in itself is not a problem – it's the length of time your do it for and what type of surface you sit on that can cause injury. Training error is a very common cause.

Should you stretch a strained hamstring?

Gentle stretching of your hamstring is helpful for recovery. Aggressive stretching of your hamstring will delay your recovery. Hold this position for 3 to 5 seconds, and then lower your leg back down. Perform 3 sets of 12 repetitions once per day.

How long should I rest a strained hamstring?

Recovery from a hamstring tear or strain

Mild to moderate (grade 1 or 2) tears or strains can heal within three to eight weeks with diligent home therapy. For a grade 3 hamstring tear or strain, recovery may be as long as three months.

Should you foam roll a pulled hamstring?

Do not use a foam roller if you suspect that you may have pulled or torn your hamstring. You've likely torn your hamstring if you developed a sudden pain or pull while you were exercising or if you have swelling or bruising. Using a foam roller within the first 5 days can worsen the injury.

When should I go to the doctor for a hamstring injury?

Mild hamstring strains can be treated at home. But you should see a doctor if you can't bear any weight on your injured leg or if you can't walk more than four steps without significant pain.

Can hamstring injuries be permanent?

Hamstring injuries have been shown to result in permanent anatomical findings on MRI scans and in physical exams. High (proximal) hamstring injuries, if improperly managed, may eventually lead to a condition called chronic hamstring tendinopathy.

Will a hamstring injury heal itself?

Though these injuries can be very painful, they will usually heal on their own. However, for an injured hamstring to return to full function, it needs special attention and a specially designed rehabilitation program. When the hamstring is injured, the fibers of the muscles or tendon are actually torn.

What exercise is good for a pulled hamstring?

Hamstring set (heel dig)

Sit with your affected leg bent. Your good leg should be straight and supported on the floor. Tighten the muscles on the back of your bent leg (hamstring) by pressing your heel into the floor. Hold for about 6 seconds, and then rest for up to 10 seconds.

Is heat or ice better for sore hamstring?

You should use ice if you have an acute injury, or the first day of soreness. Such injuries may include: Hamstring strain.

How do you sit with a pulled hamstring?

Change the sitting position – slumping a little or tilting the pelvis back to place weight on the posterior part of the buttocks or thighs can help. Increasing chair height may also help by reducing hip flexion.

Is heat good for a pulled hamstring?

Pulled hamstring recovery – What not to do

The first is heat. Stay away from hot baths or saunas. The second is alcohol. Alcohol will almost certainly increase the bleeding and swelling and slow down your recovery.

What does an injured hamstring feel like?

A hamstring injury typically causes a sudden, sharp pain in the back of your thigh. You might also feel a "popping" or tearing sensation. Swelling and tenderness usually develop within a few hours.

How do you recover from a Grade 1 hamstring strain?

What is a Hamstring Strain? Grade 1 injuries generally heal within a few days to 2 weeks, with rest and proper physical therapy. Grade 2 and 3 injuries may take several weeks or months to heal, with medical supervision, possible surgery, rest, and physical therapy.

Can sitting cause tight hamstrings?

Repetitive movement, poor posture, and constantly sitting in a sedentary lifestyle force hip flexors into a constantly-shortened position, creating one of many tight hamstring causes.