Which sulfonamide is not used in diuretics?

Last Update: April 20, 2022

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Asked by: Jeanie McKenzie
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Diuretics that do not contain a sulfonamide group (eg, amiloride hydrochloride, eplerenone, ethacrynic acid, spironolactone, and triamterene

triamterene
Triamterene (trade name Dyrenium among others) is a potassium-sparing diuretic often used in combination with thiazide diuretics for the treatment of high blood pressure or swelling.
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Triamterene
) are safe for patients with an allergy to sulfa.

Which Sulphonamide is not used in diuretics?

1,3,4 Ethacrynic acid is the only loop diuretic on the US market that does not contain a sulfonamide sub- stituent.

What sulfonamide is used in diuretics?

Acetazolamide played a major role in the development of fundamental renal physiology and pharmacology, as well as for the design of many of the presently widely used diuretic agents, such as among others the thiazide and high ceiling diuretics, compounds exerting their diuretic action by promoting sodium chloride (and ...

Is there sulfa in diuretics?

A look at Table 1 shows that most diuretic agents are sulfonamide derivatives. The only diuretics that are not are the potassium-sparing diuretics (triamterene, spironolactone, and amiloride) and ethacrynic acid.

Can I take furosemide if allergic to sulfa?

Diuretics like bumetanide (Bumex) and furosemide (Lasix) are prescribed for lower extremity edema (swelling) and heart failure. Yep, you can take these. Glimepiride, glipizide, and glyburide are non-insulin medications that treat diabetes type 2. Yep, these are safe if you have a sulfa allergy.

Pharmacology - Sulfa Allergy and Loop Diuretics - by Dr. Busti

18 related questions found

What diuretics are safe with sulfa allergy?

Diuretics that do not contain a sulfonamide group (eg, amiloride hydrochloride, eplerenone, ethacrynic acid, spironolactone, and triamterene) are safe for patients with an allergy to sulfa.

How do I know if I have a sulfa allergy?

Symptoms of an allergic reaction to sulfa drugs include rash or hives, itchy skin or eyes, and swelling. Complications of sulfa allergy include anaphylaxis and Steven-Johnson syndrome. Both of these are considered medical emergencies.

What are the 5 types of diuretics?

Types of diuretics
  • chlorthalidone.
  • hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide)
  • metolazone.
  • indapamide.

Can you be allergic to diuretics?

Some diuretics are sulfa drugs, so they could cause a reaction if you're allergic.

Is ciprofloxacin a sulfa drug?

Bactrim (sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim) is a combination of two antibiotics (a sulfa drug and a folic acid inhibitor) and Cipro (ciprofloxacin) is a quinolone antibiotic. Both drug are used to treat bacterial infections such as urinary tract infections, bronchitis and other lung infections.

What is a diuretics function?

Diuretics, sometimes called water pills, help rid your body of salt (sodium) and water. Most of these medicines help your kidneys release more sodium into your urine. The sodium helps remove water from your blood, decreasing the amount of fluid flowing through your veins and arteries.

Which sulfonamide is used for burn therapy?

Silver sulfadiazine, a sulfa drug, is used to prevent and treat infections of second- and third-degree burns.

What ingredients are in sulfa drugs?

Sulfonamides are prepared by the reaction of a sulfonyl chloride with ammonia or an amine. Certain sulfonamides (sulfadiazine or sulfamethoxazole) are sometimes mixed with the drug trimethoprim, which acts against dihydrofolate reductase.

Can Lasix cause dehydration?

Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects. This medication may cause a serious loss of body water (dehydration) and salt/minerals.

What are the side effects from hydrochlorothiazide?

The more common side effects that can occur with hydrochlorothiazide include:
  • blood pressure that's lower than normal (especially when standing up after sitting or lying down)
  • dizziness.
  • headache.
  • weakness.
  • erectile dysfunction (trouble getting or keeping an erection)
  • tingling in your hands, legs, and feet.

Is Augmentin a sulfa drug?

Augmentin and Bactrim are different types of antibiotics. Augmentin is a combination penicillin-type antibiotic and a beta-lactamase inhibitor and Bactrim is a combination of an anti-bacterial sulfonamide (a "sulfa" drug) and a folic acid inhibitor.

Who should not take diuretics?

Ask your doctor if you should avoid or be cautious using diuretics if you:
  • Have severe liver or kidney disease.
  • Are dehydrated.
  • Have an irregular heartbeat.
  • Are in the third trimester of pregnancy and/or have developed high blood pressure during your pregnancy.
  • Are age 65 or older.
  • Have gout.

What is the most powerful natural diuretic?

The 8 Best Natural Diuretics to Eat or Drink
  1. Coffee. Share on Pinterest. ...
  2. Dandelion Extract. Dandelion extract, also known as Taraxacum officinale or “lion's tooth,” is a popular herbal supplement often taken for its diuretic effects ( 4 , 5 ). ...
  3. Horsetail. ...
  4. Parsley. ...
  5. Hibiscus. ...
  6. Caraway. ...
  7. Green and Black Tea. ...
  8. Nigella Sativa.

What is the best diuretic for edema?

Mild edema usually goes away on its own, particularly if you help things along by raising the affected limb higher than your heart. More-severe edema may be treated with drugs that help your body expel excess fluid in the form of urine (diuretics). One of the most common diuretics is furosemide (Lasix).

What is the strongest diuretic?

Loop diuretics (furosemide and bumetanide) are the most potent of the diuretics and are widely used in the treatment of pulmonary and systemic edema.

What is the safest diuretic?

TUESDAY, Feb. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients taking a common diuretic to help lower blood pressure may be better off with a similarly effective but safer one, a new study suggests. Current guidelines recommend the drug chlorthalidone (Thalitone) as the first-line diuretic.

Are diuretics bad for kidneys?

Diuretics. Doctors use these medicines, also known as water pills, to treat high blood pressure and some kinds of swelling. They help your body get rid of extra fluid. But they can sometimes dehydrate you, which can be bad for your kidneys.

What drugs should be avoided with sulfa allergy?

Drugs to Avoid With Sulfa Allergies
  • Sulfamethoxazole / trimethoprim (Bactrim, Sulfatrim), a sulfa combination drug that can be taken in liquid or pill form for many types of infections.
  • Sulfacetamide (BLEPH-10), drops for eye infections.
  • Sulfadiazine silver (Silvadene), a cream to prevent and treat burn infections.

Is sulfur and sulfa the same thing?

Also, sulfa is different from sulfates and sulfur. Both sulfa medications and sulfite can cause allergic reactions, but these two conditions are not related. A person who has a sulfa allergy will not necessarily have a sulfite allergy, so there is no cross-reactivity.

What can I take for UTI if allergic to sulfa?

TMP-SMX has been the standard therapy for UTIs; patients with a sulfa allergy can take trimethoprim alone and achieve a similar cure rate. Side effects include skin rash, nausea, and vomiting.