Who invented theoretical sampling?

Last Update: April 20, 2022

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Barney G. Glaser and Anselm Strauss

Anselm Strauss
Anselm Leonard Strauss (December 18, 1916 – September 5, 1996) was an American sociologist professor at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) internationally known as a medical sociologist (especially for his pioneering attention to chronic illness and dying) and as the developer (with Barney Glaser) of ...
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first significantly explained the term in The Discovery of Grounded Theory (1967). Data remain opaque if the researcher develops no sensitivity among the potential differences and similarities among a variety of classes or samples of data.

What is a theoretical sampling?

Theoretical sampling is a form of sampling in qualitative research that is not bounded by the limits of a priori selection. Rather, theoretical sampling entails jointly collecting and analyzing data to decide what data to collect next and where to find them to develop theory (Glaser & Strauss, 1967/2012).

Who is Glaser and Strauss?

Grounded theory methods were developed by two sociologists, Barney Glaser and Anselm Strauss. While collaborating on research on dying hospital patients, Glaser and Strauss developed the constant comparative method which later became known as the grounded theory method.

What is grounded theory Corbin and Strauss?

Constructivist grounded theory can be traced from the work of Strauss (1987) and Strauss and Corbin (1990, 1994, 1998) underpinned by their relativist position and demonstrated in their belief that the researcher constructs theory as an outcome of their interpretation of the participants‟ stories.

What is theoretical sampling strategy?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Theoretical sampling is a process of data collection for generating theory whereby the analyst jointly collects codes and analyses data and decides what data to collect next and where to find them, in order to develop a theory as it emerges.

What is theoretical sampling?

39 related questions found

What are theoretical ideas?

Something theoretical is concerned with theories and hypotheses — it's not necessarily based on real life or meant to be applied to real life. Theoretical things are based on theory and ideas, while practical ones are based on practice.

How do you use theoretical sampling?

How do you do theoretical sampling?
  1. Begin data collection by starting somewhere. ...
  2. Be theoretically sensitive and have an open mind. ...
  3. Do not plan your data collection in advance. ...
  4. Recruit based off theoretical purpose and relevance. ...
  5. Select comparison groups based on theoretical purpose and relevance.

What are the steps of grounded theory?

Stages of the grounded theory include:
  • open coding,
  • explanation of emergent concepts,
  • conceptual coding,
  • refinement of conceptual coding,
  • clustering of concepts,
  • searching for core categories and,
  • development of core theories (Lacey & Luff, 2001).

How do you use grounded theory?

Steps for grounded theory
  1. Determine initial research questions.
  2. Recruit and collect data (theoretical sampling)
  3. Break transcripts into excerpts (open coding)
  4. Group excerpts into codes (open coding)
  5. Group codes into categories (axial coding)
  6. Analyze more excerpts and compare with codes.

How many people participate in grounded theory?

The policy of the Archives of Sexual Behavior will be that it adheres to the recommendation that 25–30 participants is the minimum sample size required to reach saturation and redundancy in grounded theory studies that use in-depth interviews.

What is the difference between Glaser and Strauss grounded theory?

While Glaser brought forth "epistemological assump- tions, logic, and [a] systematic approach," Strauss con- tributed "notions of human agency, emergent processes, social and subjective meanings, problem-solving prac- tices, and the open-ended study of action to grounded theory" (Charmaz, 2014, p. 9).

What is a substantive theory?

Substantive theories are specific to a particular group or context and typically only applicable to similar groups or contexts. From: Dictionary of Sport Psychology, 2019.

Why use grounded theory?

Grounded theory has considerable significance because it (a) provides explicit, sequential guidelines for conducting qualitative research; (b) offers specific strategies for handling the analytic phases of inquiry; (c) streamlines and integrates data collection and analysis; (d) advances conceptual analysis of ...

What is the difference between theoretical and purposive sampling?

Although it is a variation of the purposive sampling, unlike a standard purposive sampling, theoretical sampling attempts to discover categories and their elements in order to detect and explain interrelationships between them.

What is purposive sampling with example?

An example of purposive sampling would be the selection of a sample of universities in the United States that represent a cross-section of U.S. universities, using expert knowledge of the population first to decide with characteristics are important to be represented in the sample and then to identify a sample of ...

Is it purposive or purposeful sampling?

Purposive sampling, also known as judgmental, selective, or subjective sampling, is a form of non-probability sampling in which researchers rely on their own judgment when choosing members of the population to participate in their surveys.

Why use grounded theory vs phenomenology?

Grounded theory research focuses on the common experiences, versus the phenomenological shares stories of the research participants (Creswell, 2013). The researcher using this approach, attempts to discover a new emergent theory generated by the shared experiences of the participants (Creswell, 2013).

What epistemology is grounded theory?

Grounded theory offered a qualitative approach rooted in ontological critical realism and epistemological objectivity (Annells, 1997). ... The goal of traditional grounded theory is to discover a theory that explains a Basic Social Process.

How do you focus coding?

Focused coding is a multistage process. First, collapse or narrow down themes and categories identified in open coding by reading through the notes you made while conducting open coding. Then, identify themes or categories that seem to be related, perhaps merging some.

What is a phenomenological study?

A phenomenological study explores what people experienced and focuses on their experience of a phenomena. As phenomenology has a strong foundation in philosophy, it is recommended that you explore the writings of key thinkers such as Husserl, Heidegger, Sartre and Merleau-Ponty before embarking on your research.

What is a sensitizing concept?

Sensitizing concepts are constructs that are derived from the research participants' perspective, using their language or expressions, and that sensitize the researcher to possible lines of inquiry. ... Symbolic interactionism provides the essential epistemological source of sensitizing concepts.

What is the process of coding?

Coding is a process of identifying a passage in the text or other data items (photograph, image), searching and identifying concepts and finding relations between them. Therefore, coding is not just labeling; it is linking of data to the research idea and back to other data...

Is theoretical sampling non-probability sampling?

There are two kinds of sampling in social research: statistical – probability or non-probability (when the sampling criteria and the number of participants are established before entering the field according to some rigid sampling rules) and theoretical (when the sampling criteria and the number of participants are ...

Does grounded theory have to use theoretical sampling?

Theoretical sampling is an essential feature in a grounded theory study, but there is little practical direction on how to implement this method effectively (Ennis et al., 2015; Neill, 2012; Slatyer et al., 2015).

What is the meaning of theoretical data?

1 of or based on theory. 2 lacking practical application or actual existence; hypothetical.