Who started quota system in india?

Last Update: April 20, 2022

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The British Raj introduced elements of reservation in the Government of India Act of 1909 and there were many other measures put in place prior to independence.

Who is known as father of reservation?

It was headed by B.P. Mandal, an Indian parliamentarian, to consider the question of reservations for people to redress caste discrimination, and used eleven social, economic, and educational indicators to determine backwardness.

When did SC ST reservation start in India?

In 1935, Parliament passed the Government of India Act 1935, designed to give Indian provinces greater self-rule and set up a national federal structure. The reservation of seats for the Depressed Classes was incorporated into the act, which came into force in 1937.

Who implemented reservation policy in modern India?

Narasimha Rao's government in 1991, which provided the reservation of 10% for Other Economic Backward Classes (OEBC). The Supreme Court to curb the overall percentage of reservation in the educational as well as in public jobs fixed the maximum limit upto 50%.

WHO extended reservation in India?

The Ninety-fifth Amendment of the Constitution of India, officially known as The Constitution (Ninety-fifth Amendment) Act, 2009, extended the period of reservation of seats for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and representation of the Anglo-Indians in the Lok Sabha and the State Legislative Assemblies for ...

Should India change its caste-based quota system? - Inside Story

20 related questions found

What is Article 335 A?

The claims of the members of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes shall be taken into consideration, consistently with the maintenance of efficiency of administration, in the making of appointments to services and posts in connection with the affairs of the Union or of a State.

Who is OBC category?

Other Backward Class (OBC) is a collective term used by the Government of India to classify castes which are educationally or socially disadvantaged. It is one of several official classifications of the population of India, along with General Class, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (SCs and STs).

Who started the reservation system?

In 1851, Congress passed the Indian Appropriations Act which created the Indian reservation system and provided funds to move Indian tribes onto farming reservations and hopefully keep them under control. Indians were not allowed to leave the reservations without permission.

When did reservation start in India?

But the prevailing reservation system in today's India was introduced in 1933 by British Prime Minister Ramsay Macdonald in the form of the 'Communal Award. Under the provisions of the communal award, there were separate electorates for Europeans, Anglo-Indians, Indian Christians, Muslims, Sikhs, and the Dalits.

What is the reservation policy in India?

Reservation Policy. As per extant instructions, reservation is provided to Scheduled Castes (SCs), Scheduled Tribes (STs) and Other Backward Classes (OBCs) at the rate of 15%, 7.5% and 27% respectively in case of direct recruitment on all India basis by open competition.

Which caste is highest in India?

At the top of the hierarchy were the Brahmins who were mainly teachers and intellectuals and are believed to have come from Brahma's head. Then came the Kshatriyas, or the warriors and rulers, supposedly from his arms.

Which is the lowest caste in India?

Dalit (from Sanskrit: दलित, romanized: dalita meaning "broken/scattered", Hindi: दलित, romanized: dalit, same meaning) is a name for people who used to belong to the lowest caste in India, previously characterised as "untouchable".

Which state has highest SC population in India?

Uttar Pradesh (35,148,377) has the largest Scheduled Caste population, followed by West Bengal (18,452,555) and Bihar (13,048,608).

What caste is Mondal?

In Bengal, the Mondal surname is found among Mahishya , Teli, Subarna Banik, Baishya Kapali, Saha, Sadgop, Ugra Kshatriya, some Kayastha, and Scheduled Castes. It is also in vogue among Bengali Muslims and some Christians. In Bihar, the Yadav and Kurmi community, and in Orissa some Khandayat use this surname.

What does Article 46 say?

Article 46 "The State shall promote with special care the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people, and, in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and the Sche- duled Tribes, and shall protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation."

What is the Article 340?

The article 340 of the Indian Constitution lays down conditions for the appointment of a Commission to investigate the conditions of backward classes.

How is reservation calculated?

4.1 Number of posts reserved for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes in a cadre having more than 13 posts shall be determined by multiplying the cadre strength by the percentage of reservation prescribed for respective categories. While doing so, fractions, if any, shall be ignored.

How many Native Americans are left?

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the current total population of Native Americans in the United States is 6.79 million, which is about 2.09% of the entire population. There are about 574 federally recognized Native American tribes in the U.S. Fifteen states have Native American populations of over 100,000.

Which state has the most Indian reservations?

Though Alaska is home to nearly half of the country's 574 federally recognized tribes, the Last Frontier is home to just one reservation. Nearly one in six Alaskans is Native American, the highest proportion of any U.S. state.

Is OBC a general category?

Candidates who fall under OBC creamy layer (parents' annual income more than 8 lakhs) are treated as general category students. They do not have any reservation at the Government institutions. They can compete in general merit.

Is Khatri an OBC?

Besides, they are also engaged in Agriculture and Service. The Khatri are Hindu by faith. ... In addition, another community - the Gujarati Telis, considered an Other Backward Class (OBC) in India began to call themselves Khatris.

Is Thapa a OBC?

Thapa is a surname belonging to both Indo-Aryan "Chhetri" ethnicity and Tibeto-Burmese "Magar" ethnicity. they generallybelong to the Chhetri(Kshatriya) caste of Khas group. They can also be linguistically be placed in OBC class.

What is the Article 351?

Article 351 of the Constitution provides that it shall be the duty of the Union to promote the spread of the Hindi language to develop it so that it may serve as a medium of expression for all the elements of the composite culture of India and to secure its enrichment by assimilating without interfering with its genius ...

What is the Article 320?

Functions of Public Service Commissions. It shall be the duty of the Union and the State Public Service Commissions to conduct examinations for appointments to the services of the Union and the services of the State respectively.