Why did mytilene revolt?

Last Update: April 20, 2022

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Asked by: Prof. Vernice Smitham III
Score: 4.5/5 (27 votes)

The primary motivation for the rebellion was the Mytilenean's desire to gain control of all of Lesbos; Athens generally discouraged the creation of multi-city subunits of the empire, and would certainly not have permitted Lesbos to be unified.

What did the Mytilenean debate involve?

The Mytilenean debate

The Athenian assembly, scared of further revolt, hastily sentenced all of the male citizens of Mytilene to death, while the women and children would be sold into slavery. ... The debate consisted of varying opinions, the first of which was presented by Cleon of Athens.

What happened in the Melian dialogue?

Melos surrendered in the winter, and the Athenians executed the men of Melos and enslaved the women and children. This siege is best remembered for the Melian Dialogue, a dramatization of the negotiations between the Athenians and the Melians before the siege, written by the classical Athenian historian Thucydides.

What did Thucydides think was the reason for war between Athens and Sparta?

A number of sources of friction sparked the hostilities, notably Athenian intervention in a quarrel between Corinth (Sparta's ally) and her colony Corcyra, but the real reason for the conflict, according to the Athenian historian Thucydides, was the rise of Athens to greatness, which made the Spartans fear for their ...

What did the Spartans demand during their debate with the Athenians before the war?

Corinth and Thebes demanded that Athens should be destroyed and all its citizens should be enslaved. However, the Spartans announced their refusal to destroy a city that had done a good service at a time of greatest danger to Greece, and took Athens into their own system.

The Mytilenean Debate

23 related questions found

Why didnt Sparta burn Athens?

As you said, two reasons are commonly given. First, the rivalry between King Pausanias and the nauarch Lysander (with the defeat of Athens being mostly Lysander's doing, and his enemies aware that he was plotting to seize power in Sparta). Second, that of balance-of-power considerations.

Why did Sparta Not Destroy Athens?

Like the Athenians before the war, the Spartans believed in rule by force rather than cooperation. ... Sparta, however, had another motive for sparing Athens: they feared that a destroyed Athens would add to the growth in influence of Thebes, just north of Athens.

How did Sparta beat Athens?

Sparta decided to retaliate. Learning from its past experiences with the Athenian navy, they established a fleet of warships. It would be another decade of warfare before the Spartan general Lysander defeated the Athenian fleet at Aegospotami. This defeat led to Athenian surrender.

Who is the greatest historian of all time?

Description
  1. — Henry Adams. (1838-1918) Collected works: 12+ ...
  2. — 170. Edward Gibbon. (1737-1794) ...
  3. — 213. Henry Buckle. (1821-1862) ...
  4. — 249. Herodotus. (484-425BC) ...
  5. — 349. Oswald Spengler. (1880-1936) ...
  6. — 527. Bede. (672-735) ...
  7. — 569. Thucydides. (460-395BC) ...
  8. — 611. Livy. (59BC-17AD)

Did Sparta or Athens win the war?

Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC.

Who led the Athenian empire?

The so-called golden age of Athenian culture flourished under the leadership of Pericles (495-429 B.C.), a brilliant general, orator, patron of the arts and politician—”the first citizen” of democratic Athens, according to the historian Thucydides.

What does Melian mean?

: a native or inhabitant of Melos (Mílos)

Why did Thucydides write about the Peloponnesian War?

In the first sentence of his History of the Peloponnesian War, Thucydides wrote that he began writing about the war because he believed “it would be a great war, and more worthy of relation than any other that had preceded it.” He went on to identify what he believed to be the “real cause” of the war.

What was a new military tactic used in the Peloponnesian War?

Phalanx. The phalanx was an army tactic the Greeks performed with shields. Each soldier carried a shield in his left arm, which he used to protect both himself and the man on his left.

Is a history major useless?

Is history a useless major? A history degree emphasizes analytical, research, critical thinking, and writing skills. History majors also strengthen their persuasive reasoning and creative thinking abilities. These skills can transfer to diverse careers.

Who is known as father of history?

Herodotus is undoubtedly the “Father of History.” Born in Halicarnassus in Ionia in the 5th century B.C., he wrote “The Histories.” In this text are found his “inquiries” which later became to modern scholars to mean “facts of history.” He is best known for recounting, very objectively, the Greco-Persian wars of the ...

What is the highest paying job with a history degree?

What is the highest paying job with a history degree?
  • Public relations manager. According to HistoryDegree.net, one of the highest paying jobs for those with a history degree is a public relations manager. ...
  • Genealogist. ...
  • Museum technician.
  • Living historian. ...
  • Underwater archaeologist. ...
  • Dramaturge. ...
  • Geographer. ...
  • Political scientist.

Did Athens beat Sparta?

Athens lost its dominance in the region to Sparta until both were conquered less than a century later and made part of the kingdom of Macedon.

Did Sparta ever lose a war?

Then the cavalry engaged and those of the Spartans were quickly beaten. ... The decisive defeat of the Spartan hoplite army by the armed forces of Thebes at the battle of Leuctra in 371 B.C. ended an epoch in Greek military history and permanently altered the Greek balance of power.

Do Spartans still exist?

All the Spartans died, including King Leonidas. ... Given that the Spartans were so famous for their military, perhaps he might have known better. Ancient Sparta with its unique way of life is long gone. But today there is still a town called Sparta in Greece in the very same spot as the ancient city.

How did Persia lose to Greece?

However, while seeking to destroy the combined Greek fleet, the Persians suffered a severe defeat at the Battle of Salamis. The following year, the confederated Greeks went on the offensive, decisively defeating the Persian army at the Battle of Plataea, and ending the invasion of Greece by the Achaemenid Empire.

Why didn't Sparta benefit from winning the war?

Why didn't Sparta benefit more from its victory in the Peloponnesian War? Sparta alienated the other Greek cities by trying to dominate them. ... The independent temper of Greek political life made unity impossible. Social and political crises occurred in many Greek city-states during the fourth century B.C.E.

How tall was the average Spartan?

Depending on the type of Spartan the height of a Spartan II (fully armoured) is 7 feet tall (spartan 3) 6'7 feet tall (spartan II) 7 feet tall (spartan 4), and have a reinforced endoskeleton.